The Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies presents:
Expert Panel: SolarWinds: Shifting the Standards of Cyberespionage
Jason Healey, Senior Research Scholar, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University
Peter Clement, Senior Research Scholar, Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University
Kimberly Marten, Ann Whitney Olin Professor and Chair, Department of Political Science, Barnard College
Advance registration required. Registrants will be sent a Zoom link prior to the event.
The widespread compromise of nine US government agencies through the vulnerabilities in SolarWinds have been reported as an act of “cyber terrorism”, or an “act of war” conducted through cyberspace. In this panel, experts will discuss the landscape of cyber conflict, the nuances of cyberespionage, and what large-scale cyber incidents like SolarWinds means for the future of cyberspace.
Jason Healey is a Senior Research Scholar at Columbia University’s School for International and Public Affairs specializing in cyber conflict and cyber risk. He also serves as a part-time senior cybersecurity strategist with the National Risk Management Center of the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency. Prior to joining SIPA, he was the founding director of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Atlantic Council where he remains a Senior Fellow. Healey was the editor of the first history of conflict in cyberspace, A Fierce Domain: Cyber Conflict, 1986 to 2012 and co-authored the book Cyber Security Policy Guidebook by Wiley. He is on the review board of the Black Hat and DEF CON security and hacker conferences and served on the Defense Science Board task force on cyber deterrence. A frequent speaker on these issues, he is rated as a “top-rated” speaker for the RSA Conference and won the inaugural “Best of Briefing Award” at Black Hat.
Healey’s ideas on cyber topics have been widely published in over a hundred articles and essays published by the World Economic Forum, Aspen Strategy Group, Atlantic Council, and National Research Council. A Fierce Domain was reviewed favorably in the Economist and by numerous government leaders, including both the President of Estonia and former head of the CIA and NSA. Healey is also a founding board member and former president of the Cyber Conflict Studies Association and previously was adjunct faculty at National Cryptologic School, Georgetown University, and Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. He is an affiliate at Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Arms Control.
Healey was one of the pioneers of cyber threat intelligence and has unique experience working issues of cyber conflict and security spanning twenty years across the public and private sectors. As Director for Cyber Infrastructure Protection at the White House from 2003 to 2005, he helped advise the President and coordinated US efforts to secure US cyberspace and critical infrastructure. Healey has worked twice for Goldman Sachs, first to anchor their team for responding to cyber attacks and later, as an executive director in Hong Kong to manage Asia-wide business continuity and create the bank’s regional crisis management capabilities to respond to earthquakes, tsunamis, or terrorist attacks. Immediately after the 9/11 attacks, his efforts at the Financial Services Information Sharing and Analysis Center (FS-ISAC) formed bonds between the finance sector and government that remain strong today. Healey founded that group’s work on cyber threat intelligence and continued to build the organization as its vice chair.
Starting his career in the United States Air Force, Healey earned two Meritorious Service Medals for his early work in cyber operations at Headquarters Air Force at the Pentagon and as a plankowner (founding member) of the Joint Task Force – Computer Network Defense, the world’s first joint cyber warfighting unit. Healey holds degrees from the United States Air Force Academy (1991, Political Science), Johns Hopkins University (Liberal Arts) and James Madison University (Information Security). He has been an improv comedian in Washington DC and Hong Kong.
Peter Clement is Senior Research Scholar/Adjunct Professor at the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies. He comes to SIPA from CIA, where he served as Deputy Assistant Director of CIA for Europe and Eurasia since 2015. From 2005-2013, he was Deputy Director for Intelligence for Analytic Programs. Other senior positions include tours as Director of the Office of Russian and Eurasian Analysis and CIA’s Russia Issue Manager from 1997-2003. Clement served as the PDB daily briefer for Vice-President Cheney, NSC Adviser Rice and Deputy NSC Adviser Hadley in 2003-2004. He briefly served at the National Security Council as the Director for Russia and later served as the senior CIA representative to the US Mission to the United Nations. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations since 2001, Clement also taught Russian history and politics for over 10 years at the University of Maryland and the University of Virginia’s northern Virginia campus. He has published journal articles and book chapters on Soviet and Russian foreign policy, Central Asia, and the Cuban missile crisis. Clement holds a Ph.D. in Russian history and an M.A. in Modern European history from Michigan State University, and a B.A. in liberal arts from SUNY-Oswego.
Mr. Clement has been a member of the Council on Foreign Relations since 2001 and is a longtime member of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies. He has taught Russian history and politics for over 10 years at the University of Maryland and the University of Virginia’s northern Virginia campus. Mr. Clement has published some 10 journal articles and book chapters on Soviet and Russian foreign policy, Central Asia, and the Cuban missile crisis.
Mr. Clement holds a PhD in Russian history and an MA in Modern European history from Michigan State University, and a BA in liberal arts from SUNY-Oswego.
Kimberly Marten is professor of political science at Barnard College, Columbia University. She is chairing her department at Barnard for the second time, after holding the 5-year term Ann Whitney Olin Professorship (2013-18). She is also a faculty member of Columbia’s Harriman Institute for Russian and East-Central European Studies. Marten is a founding member of PONARS-Eurasia, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs Foreign Policy Experts Panel.
Marten’s current research focuses on Russian foreign and security policy, including in Africa (PONARS-Eurasia memo) and towards NATO (European Journal of International Security; CFR report). She has analyzed Russia’s use of the Wagner Group private military company (in Post-Soviet Affairs; another PONARS-Eurasia memo; Lawfare; and War on the Rocks), and its intelligence agencies (Routledge Handbook and the Journal of Slavic Military Studies). She also explains (International Politics) Putin’s decision to meddle in the 2016 U.S. elections. Other Russia-related work is in The New Republic, ForeignAffairs.com, H-Diplo, the Huffington Post, the Washington Post‘s Monkey Cage Blog (here, here, here, here, here, and here), and The Washington Quarterly.
She appeared on the The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, CBS This Morning Saturday, the Charlie Rose Show, MSNBC’s Rachel Maddow show and The Last Word with Lawrence O’Donnell, PBS NewsHour Weekend with Hari Sreenivasan, NPR’s All Things Considered with Ari Shapiro and Audie Cornish, Fresh Air with Terry Gross, The 1A with Joshua Johnson, Here and Now with Robin Young, KQED’s Forum, and WNYC’s The Takeaway.
Her most recent previous project analyzed the politics of warlords, asking how their patronage networks impact sovereignty and state failure. In Warlords: Strong-Arm Brokers in Weak States (Cornell University Press, 2012), Marten traces the development of warlordism and its consequences in the tribal areas of Pakistan, Sunni Arab areas of Iraq, and post-Soviet Georgia and the Republic of Chechnya in Russia. She discussed the book on WNYC’s Brian Lehrer Show and Wisconsin Public Radio. The book was reviewed in an H-Diplo/International Security Studies Forum roundtable. In International Security, she compares warlordism in Afghanistan and Somalia to medieval Europe and Republican-era China. She researched militias and security sector reform in weak states, including work on the Palestinian Authority Security Forces, published in International Peacekeeping and in the International Herald Tribune/New York Times. Her chapter on the Afghan Local Police appears in an edited volume on The Transnational Governance of Violence and Crime, following an earlier opinion piece in the IHT/NYT. With Olga Oliker she analyzes the threat of warlordism in Ukraine’s patriotic militias in War on the Rocks.
Her prior books include Engaging the Enemy: Organization Theory and Soviet Military Innovation (Princeton, 1993), which received the Marshall Shulman Prize; Weapons, Culture, and Self-Interest: Soviet Defense Managers in the New Russia (Columbia, 1997); and Enforcing the Peace: Learning from the Imperial Past (Columbia, 2004).
Marten earned her A.B. in 1985 at Harvard magna cum laude and Ph.D. in 1991 at Stanford. She was a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford’s Center for International Security and Cooperation; a visiting scholar at Harvard’s Olin Institute for Strategic Studies; a visiting scholar at Tokyo’s Institute for International Policy Studies (via a Hitachi/Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship); and a visiting fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. Her research has been supported by the Smith Richardson Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Social Science Research Council/MacArthur Foundation, and the Government of Canada.