In July 2008, the Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies hosted its twelfth annual Summer Workshop on Analysis of Military Operations and Strategy (SWAMOS) at Cornell University. SWAMOS was designed to expose young scholars to a body of knowledge that is seldom made available in conventional graduate study programs, to preserve expertise in strategic studies outside of government, and to foster a network of analysts capable of offering each other support and promoting the field within academia. This year, the group was composed of 22 young scholars from universities in the United States, South Africa, Greece, China, France, and the United Kingdom. The three directing faculty of SWAMOS 2008 were Richard K. Betts of Columbia University, Stephen Biddle of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Barry Posen of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.