Roy Licklider is Adjunct Senior Research Scholar at the Saltzman Institute for War and Peace Studies and Adjunct Professor of Political Science.  He is also Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University where he taught for fifty years. Licklider received his B.A. from Boston University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in international relations from Yale. He taught at Tougaloo College before coming to Rutgers in l968 and had visiting appointments at Princeton and Yale.  He has taught courses on civil wars, international relations, foreign and military policy, terrorism, research design, international political economy, and the comparative politics of higher education.

Licklider’s early research was concerned with nuclear strategy, comparative foreign policy, and the impact of economic sanctions on foreign policy, particularly the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74.  His recent research has focused on how people who have been killing one another in civil wars with considerable skill and enthusiasm can sometimes—but more often than you might think–form working political communities.  His newest book, published in 2014, is on merging competing militaries after civil wars, based on research supported by a Minerva grant from the National Science Foundation and the Department of Defense.  His current project is how different civil war narratives make them more or less likely to recur.

Licklider is a member of the Security Sector Reform Workgroup of the Folke Bernadotte Academy (Sweden) and has consulted for the Political Instability Task Force, the State Department, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Joint Staff, and the United Nations.  He has been President of the Comparative Foreign Policy Section of the International Studies Association, Program Officer at the Exxon Education Foundation, and a member of the Inter-University Consortium for Foreign Policy Research and the Columbia University Seminar on Reconciliation.  For nineteen years he was a member of Charles Tilly’s weekly faculty/student workshop, first at the New School for Social Research and then at Columbia.   Licklider lives in New York City with his wife Patricia, retired professor of English at John Jay College of Criminal Justice at the City University of New York; their daughter Virginia Still is Bequests Officer for the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.


Roy Lickider, The Private Nuclear Strategists (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1971).
Political Power and the Arab Oil Weapon: The Experience of Five Industrial Nations (Studies in International Political Economy), ed. Stephen D. Krasner (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).
Stopping the Killing: How Civil Wars End (New York: New York University Press, 1993).
New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Militaries after Civil Wars (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2014).
Living Together After Ethnic Killing: Debating the Kaufmann Thesis (New York: Routledge, 2007).

Book Chapters

“Civil War Outcomes,” in Handbook of War Studies III The Intrastate Dimension, ed. Manus I. Midlarsky (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009).
“Comparative Studies of Long Wars” in Grasping the Nettle: Analyzing Cases of Intractability, eds. Chester Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2005).
“The Consequences of Negotiated Settlements in Civil Wars, 1945-1993,” American Political Science Review 89, no. 3 (1995): 681.
“Obstacles to Peace Settlements” in Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, eds. Chester A. Crocker, Fen Olser Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001).
“Somalia, U.S. Military Involvement in,” in The Oxford Companion to American Military History, ed. John Whiteclay Chambers II (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
“Oil and World Politics,” and “Oil Companies,” in Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations, ed. Glenn Hastedt
(New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
“How Civil Wars End: Preliminary Results from a Comparative Project,” in Controlling and Ending Conflict: Issues Before and After the Cold War, eds. Stephen J. Cimbala and Sidney Waldman (Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers, 1992).
“How Do We Know What We Know?” in International Relations: Introductory Readings, ed. Edward Rhodes (Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1992).
Roy Lickider. “The Arab Oil Embargo of 1973-74,” in David Leyton-Brown (ed.), The Utility of International Economic Sanctions. New York: St. Martin’s Press and London: Croom Helm, Ltd., 1987, pp. 155-181.
“Arab Oil and Japanese Foreign Policy,” Middle East Review 18, no. 1 (1985): 23.
“Faculty Ethics in an Academic Depression,” in Disorders in Higher Education, eds. Frederick deW. Bolman and Clarence Walton (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1979).
“Policy Scientists and Nuclear Weapons Policy,” in The Use and Abuse of Social Science, ed. Irving L. Horowitz (New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1971).
“Democracy and the Renewal of Civil Wars” in Harvey Starr, Approaches, Levels and Methods of Analysis in International Politics: Crossing Boundaries. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, pp. 95-116.

Journal Articles

Ronald B. Krebs and Roy Licklider,  “United They Fall: Why the International Community Should Not Promote Military Integration after Civil War,” International Security 40, no. 3 (2015-16): 93-138.
“Merging Competing Militaries after Civil Wars,” Prism: A Journal of the Center for the Management of Complex Operations 5, no. 1 (2014): 53-61.
Roy Licklider and Mia Bloom, “What’s All the Shouting About?” Security Studies 13, no. 4 (2004): 1.
“The American Way of State-Building: Germany, Japan, Panama and Somalia,” Small Wars and Insurgencies 10, no. 3 (1999): 82.
Roy Licklider and Pierre M. Atlas, “Conflict among Former Allies after Civil War Settlement in Sudan, Zimbabwe, Chad, and Lebanon,” Journal of Peace Research 36, no. 1 (1999): 35.
“Early Returns: Results of the First Wave of Statistical Studies of Civil War Termination,” Civil Wars 1, no. 3 (1998): 120.
“A Political Primer for Educational Innovation,” Improving College and University Teaching 29, no. 1 (1981): 12.
“The Power of Oil: The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and the United States,” International Studies Quarterly 32, no. 2 (1988): 205.
Roy Licklider and H. Peter Gray, “Protection in a Democracy,” Eastern Economic Journal 12, no. 2 (1986): 89.
Roy Licklider and H. Peter Gray, “International Trade Warfare: Economic and Political Strategies,” European Journal of Political Economy 1, no. 4 (1985): 563.
“The Failure of the Arab Oil Weapon in 1973-1974,” Comparative Strategy 3, no. 4 (1982), pp. 365-380
“A Skeptic’s View of Corporate Jobs and New Academic Programs,” American Political Science Association 12, no. 1 (1979): 26.
“Evaluating Predictions of World Population and Food Supply,” Human Ecology 6 (1978): 165.
“Soviet Control of Eastern Europe: Morality versus American National Interest,” Political Science Quarterly 91, no. 4 (1976): 619.
“Simulation and the Private Nuclear Strategists,” Simulation and Games 2, no. 2 (1971): 163.
“The Missile Gap Controversy,” Political Science Quarterly 85, no. 4 (1970): 600.
“Ethical Advice: Conflict Management vs. Human Rights in Ending Civil Wars,” Journal of Human Rights 7 (2008): 376-387.
“How Unique is South African Military Integration?” Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies 43, no. 1 (2015): 149 – 155.