Roy Licklider passed away on November 10, 2022. He was an Adjunct Senior Research Scholar at the Saltzman Institute for War and Peace Studies and Adjunct Professor of Political Science.  He was also Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University where he taught for fifty years. Licklider received his B.A. from Boston University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in international relations from Yale. He taught at Tougaloo College before coming to Rutgers in l968 and had visiting appointments at Princeton and Yale.  He has taught courses on civil wars, international relations, foreign and military policy, terrorism, research design, international political economy, and the comparative politics of higher education.

Licklider’s early research was concerned with nuclear strategy, comparative foreign policy, and the impact of economic sanctions on foreign policy, particularly the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74.  His recent research has focused on how people who have been killing one another in civil wars with considerable skill and enthusiasm can sometimes—but more often than you might think–form working political communities.  His last book, published in 2014, was on merging competing militaries after civil wars, based on research supported by a Minerva grant from the National Science Foundation and the Department of Defense.  His current project was how different civil war narratives make them more or less likely to recur.

Licklider was a member of the Security Sector Reform Workgroup of the Folke Bernadotte Academy (Sweden) and had consulted for the Political Instability Task Force, the State Department, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Joint Staff, and the United Nations.  He had served as President of the Comparative Foreign Policy Section of the International Studies Association, Program Officer at the Exxon Education Foundation, and was a member of the Inter-University Consortium for Foreign Policy Research and the Columbia University Seminar on Reconciliation.  For nineteen years he was a member of Charles Tilly’s weekly faculty/student workshop, first at the New School for Social Research and then at Columbia.   Licklider lived in New York City with his wife Patricia, a retired professor of English at John Jay College of Criminal Justice at the City University of New York; their daughter Virginia Still is the Bequests Officer for the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.


Roy Licklider, New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Militaries after Civil Wars (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2014).
Roy Licklider, Living Together After Ethnic Killing: Debating the Kaufmann Thesis (New York: Routledge, 2007).
Roy Licklider, Stopping the Killing: How Civil Wars End (New York: New York University Press, 1993).
Roy Licklider, Political Power and the Arab Oil Weapon: The Experience of Five Industrial Nations (Studies in International Political Economy), ed. Stephen D. Krasner (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).
Roy Lickider, The Private Nuclear Strategists (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1971).

Principal Articles

Ronald B. Krebs and Roy Licklider,  “United They Fall: Why the International Community Should Not Promote Military Integration after Civil War,” International Security 40, no. 3 (2015-2016).
Roy Licklider, “How Unique is South African Military Integration?” Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies 43, no. 1 (2015).
Roy Licklider, “Merging Competing Militaries after Civil Wars,” Prism: A Journal of the Center for the Management of Complex Operations 5, no. 1 (January 2014).
Roy Licklider, “Ethical Advice: Conflict Management vs. Human Rights in Ending Civil Wars,” Journal of Human Rights 7 (2008).
Mia Bloom and Roy Licklider, “What’s All the Shouting About?” Security Studies 13, no. 4 (Summer 2004).
Roy Licklider, “The American Way of State-Building: Germany, Japan, Panama and Somalia,” Small Wars and Insurgencies 10, no. 3 (Winter 1999).
Pierre M. Atlas and Roy Licklider, “Conflict among Former Allies after Civil War Settlement in Sudan, Zimbabwe, Chad, and Lebanon,” Journal of Peace Research 36, no. 1 (January 1999).
Roy Licklider, “Early Returns: Results of the First Wave of Statistical Studies of Civil War Termination,” Civil Wars 1, no. 3 (Autumn 1998).
Roy Licklider, “The Consequences of Negotiated Settlements in Civil Wars, 1945-1993,” American Political Science Review 89, no. 3 (September 1995).
Roy Licklider, “The Power of Oil: The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and the United States,” International Studies Quarterly 32, no. 2 (June 1988).
H. Peter Gray and Roy Licklider, “Protection in a Democracy,” Eastern Economic Journal 12, no. 2 (April-June 1986).
H. Peter Gray and Roy Licklider, “International Trade Warfare: Economic and Political Strategies,” European Journal of Political Economy 1, no. 4 (1985).
Roy Licklider, “Arab Oil and Japanese Foreign Policy,” Middle East Review 18, no. 1 (Fall 1985).
Roy Licklider, “The Failure of the Arab Oil Weapon in 1973-1974,” Comparative Strategy 3, no. 4 (1982).
Roy Licklider, “A Political Primer for Educational Innovation,” Improving College and University Teaching 29, no. 1 (Winter 1981).
Roy Licklider, “A Skeptic’s View of Corporate Jobs and New Academic Programs,” American Political Science Association 12, no. 1 (Winter 1979).
Roy Licklider, “Evaluating Predictions of World Population and Food Supply,” Human Ecology 6 (June 1978).
Roy Licklider, “Soviet Control of Eastern Europe: Morality versus American National Interest,” Political Science Quarterly 91, no. 4 (Summer 1977).
Roy Licklider, “Simulation and the Private Nuclear Strategists,” Simulation and Games 2, no. 2 (June 1971).
Roy Licklider, “The Missile Gap Controversy,” Political Science Quarterly 85, no. 4 (December 1970).

Book Chapters

Roy Licklider, “Civil War Outcomes,” in Manus I. Midlarsky, ed., Handbook of War Studies III The Intrastate Dimension (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009).
Roy Licklider, “Democracy and the Renewal of Civil Wars,” in Harvey Starr, ed., Approaches, Levels and Methods of Analysis in International Politics: Crossing Boundaries (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), pp. 95-116.
Roy Licklider, “Comparative Studies of Long Wars” in Chester Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall, eds., Grasping the Nettle: Analyzing Cases of Intractability (Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2005).
Roy Licklider, “Obstacles to Peace Settlements” in Chester A. Crocker, Fen Olser Hampson, and Pamela Aall, eds., Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict (Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001).
Roy Licklider, “Somalia, U.S. Military Involvement in,” in John Whiteclay Chambers II, ed., The Oxford Companion to American Military History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Roy Licklider, “Oil and World Politics,” and “Oil Companies,” in Glenn Hastedt, ed., Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
Roy Licklider, “How Civil Wars End: Preliminary Results from a Comparative Project,” in Stephen J. Cimbala and Sidney Waldman, eds., Controlling and Ending Conflict: Issues Before and After the Cold War (Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers, 1992).
Roy Licklider, “How Do We Know What We Know?” in Edward Rhodes, ed., International Relations: Introductory Readings (Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1992).
Roy Lickider, “The Arab Oil Embargo of 1973-74,” in David Leyton-Brown, ed., The Utility of International Economic Sanctions (New York: St. Martin’s Press and London: Croom Helm, Ltd., 1987).
Roy Licklider, “Faculty Ethics in an Academic Depression,” in Frederick de W. Bolman and Clarence Walton, eds., Disorders in Higher Education (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1979).
Roy Licklider, “Policy Scientists and Nuclear Weapons Policy,” in Irving L. Horowitz, ed., The Use and Abuse of Social Science (New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1971).