Roy Licklider is Adjunct Senior Research Scholar at the Saltzman Institute for War and Peace Studies and Adjunct Professor of Political Science.  He is also Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University where he taught for fifty years. Licklider received his B.A. from Boston University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in international relations from Yale. He taught at Tougaloo College before coming to Rutgers in l968 and had visiting appointments at Princeton and Yale.  He has taught courses on civil wars, international relations, foreign and military policy, terrorism, research design, international political economy, and the comparative politics of higher education.

Licklider’s early research was concerned with nuclear strategy, comparative foreign policy, and the impact of economic sanctions on foreign policy, particularly the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74.  His recent research has focused on how people who have been killing one another in civil wars with considerable skill and enthusiasm can sometimes—but more often than you might think–form working political communities.  His newest book, published in 2014, is on merging competing militaries after civil wars, based on research supported by a Minerva grant from the National Science Foundation and the Department of Defense.  His current project is how different civil war narratives make them more or less likely to recur.

Licklider is a member of the Security Sector Reform Workgroup of the Folke Bernadotte Academy (Sweden) and has consulted for the Political Instability Task Force, the State Department, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Joint Staff, and the United Nations.  He has been President of the Comparative Foreign Policy Section of the International Studies Association, Program Officer at the Exxon Education Foundation, and a member of the Inter-University Consortium for Foreign Policy Research and the Columbia University Seminar on Reconciliation.  For nineteen years he was a member of Charles Tilly’s weekly faculty/student workshop, first at the New School for Social Research and then at Columbia.   Licklider lives in New York City with his wife Patricia, retired professor of English at John Jay College of Criminal Justice at the City University of New York; their daughter Virginia Still is Bequests Officer for the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.


Roy Lickider, The Private Nuclear Strategists (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1971).
Roy Licklider, Political Power and the Arab Oil Weapon: The Experience of Five Industrial Nations (Studies in International Political Economy), ed. Stephen D. Krasner (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).
Roy Licklider, Stopping the Killing: How Civil Wars End (New York: New York University Press, 1993).
Roy Licklider, New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Militaries after Civil Wars (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2014).
Roy Licklider, Living Together After Ethnic Killing: Debating the Kaufmann Thesis (New York: Routledge, 2007).

Principal Articles

Ronald B. Krebs and Roy Licklider,  “United They Fall: Why the International Community Should Not Promote Military Integration after Civil War,” International Security 40, no. 3 (2015-16): 93-138.
Roy Licklider, “Merging Competing Militaries after Civil Wars,” Prism: A Journal of the Center for the Management of Complex Operations 5, no. 1 (2014): 53-61.
Mia Bloom and Roy Licklider, “What’s All the Shouting About?” Security Studies 13, no. 4 (2004): 1.
Roy Licklider, “The Consequences of Negotiated Settlements in Civil Wars, 1945-1993,” American Political Science Review 89, no. 3 (1995): 681.
Roy Licklider, “The American Way of State-Building: Germany, Japan, Panama and Somalia,” Small Wars and Insurgencies 10, no. 3 (1999): 82.
Pierre M. Atlas and Roy Licklider, “Conflict among Former Allies after Civil War Settlement in Sudan, Zimbabwe, Chad, and Lebanon,” Journal of Peace Research 36, no. 1 (1999): 35.
Roy Licklider, “Early Returns: Results of the First Wave of Statistical Studies of Civil War Termination,” Civil Wars 1, no. 3 (1998): 120.
Roy Licklider, “A Political Primer for Educational Innovation,” Improving College and University Teaching 29, no. 1 (1981): 12.
Roy Licklider, “The Power of Oil: The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and the United States,” International Studies Quarterly 32, no. 2 (1988): 205.
Roy Licklider, “Arab Oil and Japanese Foreign Policy,” Middle East Review 18, no. 1 (1985): 23.
H. Peter Gray and Roy Licklider, “Protection in a Democracy,” Eastern Economic Journal 12, no. 2 (1986): 89.
H. Peter Gray and Roy Licklider, “International Trade Warfare: Economic and Political Strategies,” European Journal of Political Economy 1, no. 4 (1985): 563.
Roy Licklider, “The Failure of the Arab Oil Weapon in 1973-1974,” Comparative Strategy 3, no. 4 (1982): 365-380
Roy Licklider, “A Skeptic’s View of Corporate Jobs and New Academic Programs,” American Political Science Association 12, no. 1 (1979): 26.
Roy Licklider, “Evaluating Predictions of World Population and Food Supply,” Human Ecology 6 (1978): 165.
Roy Licklider, “Soviet Control of Eastern Europe: Morality versus American National Interest,” Political Science Quarterly 91, no. 4 (1976): 619.
Roy Licklider, “Simulation and the Private Nuclear Strategists,” Simulation and Games 2, no. 2 (1971): 163.
Roy Licklider, “The Missile Gap Controversy,” Political Science Quarterly 85, no. 4 (1970): 600.
Roy Licklider, “Ethical Advice: Conflict Management vs. Human Rights in Ending Civil Wars,” Journal of Human Rights 7 (2008): 376-387.
Roy Licklider, “How Unique is South African Military Integration?” Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies 43, no. 1 (2015): 149-155.

Book Chapters

Roy Licklider, “Civil War Outcomes,” in Handbook of War Studies III The Intrastate Dimension, ed. Manus I. Midlarsky (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2009).
Roy Licklider, “Comparative Studies of Long Wars” in Grasping the Nettle: Analyzing Cases of Intractability, eds. Chester Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2005).
Roy Licklider, “Obstacles to Peace Settlements” in Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, eds. Chester A. Crocker, Fen Olser Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001).
Roy Licklider, “Somalia, U.S. Military Involvement in,” in The Oxford Companion to American Military History, ed. John Whiteclay Chambers II (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Roy Licklider, “Oil and World Politics,” and “Oil Companies,” in Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations, ed. Glenn Hastedt
(New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).
Roy Licklider, “How Civil Wars End: Preliminary Results from a Comparative Project,” in Controlling and Ending Conflict: Issues Before and After the Cold War, eds. Stephen J. Cimbala and Sidney Waldman (Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers, 1992).
Roy Licklider, “How Do We Know What We Know?” in International Relations: Introductory Readings, ed. Edward Rhodes (Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1992).
Roy Lickider, “The Arab Oil Embargo of 1973-74,” in The Utility of International Economic Sanctions, ed. David Leyton-Brown (New York: St. Martin’s Press and London: Croom Helm, Ltd., 1987), pp. 155-181.
Roy Licklider, “Faculty Ethics in an Academic Depression,” in Disorders in Higher Education, eds. Frederick de W. Bolman and Clarence Walton (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1979).
Roy Licklider, “Policy Scientists and Nuclear Weapons Policy,” in The Use and Abuse of Social Science, ed. Irving L. Horowitz (New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1971).
Roy Licklider, “Democracy and the Renewal of Civil Wars,” in Approaches, Levels and Methods of Analysis in International Politics: Crossing Boundaries, ed. Harvey Starr (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), pp. 95-116.