Liang Qiao is a Ph.D. candidate at the School of International Studies, Renmin University of China, where he works on theories of international relations, the US-Japan relationship and security issues within the Asia-Pacific region. His primary research interests concern the equipment, tactics and strategy of the Imperial Japanese Navy, foreign policies and grand strategy of the Japanese Empire and Offense-Defense Theory. He is now working under the supervision of Professor Jack L. Snyder.