Erica Borghard is a senior fellow with the New American Engagement Initiative at the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security in the Atlantic Council, which aims to critically examine the core assumptions of American grand strategy and propose fresh, innovative ideas for US foreign policy. Her own work addresses US grand strategy, with a particular focus on the strategic implications of cyberspace and emerging technologies; public-private partnerships and resilience; and covert action and proxy warfare.

Borghard continues to serve as a senior director on the US Cyberspace Solarium Commission, a Congressional commission established to develop a comprehensive national strategy to defend the United States in cyberspace. Previously, she was an Assistant Professor in the Army Cyber Institute at the United States Military Academy at West Point. Prior to that, Borghard was a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, with placement at JPMorgan Chase and US Cyber Command. She also served as an Assistant Professor and Executive Director of the Rupert H. Johnson Grand Strategy Program in the Department of Social Sciences at West Point.

She has published on topics ranging from grand strategy, cyber strategy and policy, coercion and military intervention, and international crisis bargaining. Her academic work has appeared in numerous journals, including American Political Science Review, Security Studies, Strategic Studies Quarterly, Orbis, The Cyber Defense Review, and Survival. Erica has also published opinion pieces in outlets such as WIRED, The Washington Post, Lawfare, War on the Rocks, the Council on Foreign Relations, and The National Interest. Borghard’s co-edited book volume, US National Security Reform: Reassessing the National Security Act of 1947, explores the evolution of American grand strategy and offers policy recommendations for the contemporary environment. Her co-authored book, Escalation Dynamics in Cyberspace, forthcoming in 2021 with the Bridging the Gap series at Oxford University Press, presents a novel theory of escalation and signaling in cyberspace. She is also currently editing a book volume on the research behind the Cyberspace Solarium Commission’s work, as well as writing her forthcoming book on proxy warfare.

Borghard received her PhD in Political Science from Columbia University. She is a term member at the Council on Foreign Relations and an adjunct research fellow at the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University. Borghard also serves on the Board of Directors of the Cyber Conflict Studies Association, and is a member of the New York Cyber Task Force.

Book Chapters

Erica Borghard and James Mulvenon, “Strategic Implications of Cyber Conflict,” in Cyber Conflict: The State of the Field, eds. Jason Healey and Karl Grindal (Vienna, VA: Cyber Conflict Studies Association, 2018).

Journal Articles

Shawn W. Lonergan and Erica Borghard, “The Logic of Coercion in Cyberspace,” Security Studies 26, no. 3 (2017): 452-481.
Shawn W. Lonergan and Erica Borghard, “Can Status Calculate the Risks of Using Cyber Proxies?” Orbis 60, no. 3 (2016): 395-416.
Mira Rapp-Hooper and Erica Borghard, “Hizbullah and the Iranian Nuclear Programme,” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 55, no. 4 (2013): 85-106.
Costantino Pischedda and Erica Borghard, “Allies and Airpower in Libya,” Parameters 64 (2012): 63-74.
Jack Snyder and Erica Borghard, “The Cost of Empty Threats: A Penny, Not a Pound,” American Political Science Review 105, no. 3 (2011).
Jack Snyder and Erica Borghard, “The Cost of Empty Threats: A Penny, Not a Pound,” The American Political Science Review 105, no. 3  (2011).

Other Articles

“Russia’s Hack Wasn’t Cyberwar. That Complicates US Strategy,” Wired, 17 December 2020.

“Russia’s Hack Wasn’t Cyberwar. That Complicates US Strategy,” Wired, 17 December 2020.
“Want to Tell Russia to Stop Hacking U.S. Systems? Here’s What Works – and What Doesn’t,” Washington Post, 16 March 2021.