Kimberly Marten (Professor and Chair, Department of Political Science, Barnard College) published “Russia’s Use of Semi-state Security Forces: The Case of the Wagner Group” in Post-Soviet Affairs. This is the definitive history of the Wagner Group, using high-quality, primarily Russian-language, well documented sources. It explains how Putin’s patronage politics makes Wagner’s illegality a necessity. It also discusses how Wagner is both like and unlike standard private military companies (PMCs), and Russia’s odd failure to sign the international Montreux Document that regulates PMC behavior. Published in March, the article is now available on open access through the end of August.